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WEF科研系列講座(二):為農業和食品安全創建害蟲管理工具箱

聯系人:齊家國聯系方式:15068169445發布時間:2019-04-19

講座題目:Creating pest management toolbox for  agriculture and food safety with reference to bionematicide pasteuria  penetrans

講座時間:2019年4月23日19:00-20:30  pm

講座地點:南京農業大學圖書館1樓報告廳  

主講人:陳忠孝教授(Pro.  Zhongxiao Michael Chen)


主講人簡介

陳忠孝(Zhongxiao Michael Chen),浙江農業大學(現浙江大學)學士、碩士,美國佛羅里達大學博士,美國農業部博士后。自20005月起從事美國農業部的小宗作物的農藥登記、優良實驗室規范和質量保證工作,先后在密歇根州立大學的國家食品安全和毒理中心、昆蟲系任應用教授,現為美國中北部12州農業質量保證研究中心主任。陳教授在農作物病蟲害防治、綜合防治、農藥殘留、農藥生態毒理、昆蟲學、線蟲學、線蟲生物防治、食品安全、風險評估、小宗作物的農藥登記、優良實驗室規范和質量保證等領域具有豐富經驗,現有小宗作物的農藥登記和殘留標準近10000多個。對美國的食品安全法、農藥登記法、小宗作物的農藥安全使用和標準、風險評估等有豐富的經驗和研究。對農藥的合理使用、抗性管理、復合制劑、病蟲害的全程管理有豐富的經驗和興趣。受邀在中國、美國、印尼、肯尼亞和泰國等國際會議或者國際培訓班做報告36次,為6個國際學術期刊的審稿人。先后取得過中國農業部的豐收計劃獎(2次)、農業部科技進步三等獎,發表論文近45篇,英國CABI出版社出的專著二本,近60個會議和學術報告和3200余技術報告。論文被引用超過650次。獲得聯邦經費超過1000萬美元。期望在國內能開展線蟲學、線蟲生物防治、化學防治的研究和教學,也希望能開展食品安全和農藥登記方面的合作和交流。

  

座摘要

        In  modern agriculture, farmers depend on safe and effective chemical pesticides  that supplement their pest control practices to maintain crop yields and protect the health of  animals.  The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) of the  United Statesrequires that tolerances (or maximum residue limit, MRL) must be  established for all pesticides used in agricultural food production.  A tolerance is  the maximum residue limit of the pesticide in or on the crop that is considered  safe and legally acceptable which is also a food safety standard strictly  enforced in both domestic and international markets.  

         In 1963, the  Inter-Regional Research  Project #4 (IR-4) was initiated by the State Agricultural Experiment Station  Directors and USDA Cooperative State Research Service aiming at providing pest  management solutions to growers of minor crops.  Currently, minor  (specialty) crops make up about 46% of the totalU. S.agricultural production and  value at $60 billion annually.   IR-4 is the federally funded to conduct  supervised field trials and pesticide residue analysis to provide the residue  data needed for obtaining pesticide tolerances with US Environment Protection  Agency (EPA).   

        Beginning  in 1989, EPA requested that all IR-4 projects of tolerance petitions be  conducted under the stringent Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) Standards (40 CFR  160).  The Good Laboratory Practices was implemented to place  quality controls on study conduct and reporting of data to EPA and prevent  fraudulent or criminal misconduct of studies.  Currently, over  37 countries, mostly developed countries, adapted GLP standards in regulatory  studies supporting pharmaceutical and agrichemical registrations.  Collectively,  IR-4 efforts yielded over 20,000 pesticide use registrations and tolerances on  over 600 crops grown in US.  IR-4 also contributed significant efforts in global  tolerance harmonization to promote global food trades. The pest management  toolbox developed by IR-4 played a significant role in integrated pest  management and pest resistance management to secure food productions and food  safety.  

        At the  research front, a compound pesticide named “Shiwenling” was successfully  developed in China for controlling of rice plant-hoppers and rice sheath  disease.   A bionematicide,  Pasteuria  penetrans, was  investigated for controlling of root-knot nematodes.  The latter was eventually commercialized  in U.S. and was the sole biocontrol agent ever successfully developed in the  field of nematology.


激勵計劃

      為吸引更多對WEF領域有興趣、有潛力的南農學子參與國際交流,培養具有國際視野的未來WEF領域科研人才,本系列講座設置交流專項獎學金,并以積分制歸入2019亞洲農業中心潛力學子培養計劃。積分前列的年度優秀學子將獲得2020年為期4周的美國密歇根州立大學WEF研究方向暑期夏令營免費參與名額,為期1周的東南亞WEF國際會議免費參與名額等。詳見亞洲農業研究中心微信公眾號:Asia Hub




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